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How Do I Maintain My Excavator? 4 Maintenance Tips

Friday, June 09, 2023

Excavators are expensive and valuable pieces of equipment that require regular maintenance in order to remain in tip-top condition. Designed to operate in demanding environments carrying out challenging jobs including heavy lifting and demolition, there are a variety of issues that can arise if you neglect to carry out proper and regular maintenance to help ensure it can run for longer, and maximise the potential of your fleet.

Failure to put in place a proper maintenance plan and schedule can result in costly repairs and downtime. By putting in place routine maintenance you’ll be able to get the most out of your excavator.

Here are 5 excavator maintenance tips to help you maximise the lifespan of your excavator:

Tips For Maintaining An Excavator

Air and Fuel Filters

When operating an excavator outdoors, over time debris can begin to build up in the machine’s air and fuel filters. Air and fuel filters should be regularly cleaned and replaced in accordance with the manufacturer’s replacement schedule, or before in arduous conditions if needed, if filters become clogged it can have a direct negative impact on the excavator’s performance. 

Hydraulic Oil

An excavator’s hydraulic oil levels should be checked daily and topped up when required. Contaminated oil can lead to hydraulic failures. The hydraulic oil and filters need changing in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommended intervals. This can vary depending on the model and application. Refer to the operator’s manual for the correct interval for your model and application. Machine attachments such as Hydraulic Breakers can be a source of contamination, take care and attention when fitting attachments ensuring all connections and the attachment are clean and free of contaminates.  

Undercarriage and Track Tension

Operating on muddy terrains can lead to undercarriage build-up, and if debris and dirt are not removed it can lead to premature wear of the components. The undercarriage is made up of many moving components that need to be maintained for them to function properly. Carrying out regular maintenance and checks will help to identify and allow you to get rid of any build-up before it causes any damage to the machine.

Track tension is critical to track wear on the undercarriage and should be checked every day. If the track is too tight it can cause premature wear, and if it’s too loose it can lead to poor manoeuvring and potential de-tracking. 

Fluid Levels and Lubricants

Daily checks of the fluid levels should be carried out, to ensure fluids are at recommended levels and topped up if any levels are identified as low. All attachments should be frequently lubricated at the recommended intervals – this is essential for excavator maintenance and increasing equipment lifespan. However, it’s important to not over-lubricate as this can lead to environmental hazards.

When you buy a Hitachi machine, we want you to achieve a maximum return on your investment. 

As well as technical expertise and best practice advice, we can also offer you a tailor-made extended warranty, SOLAS service and full repair and maintenance agreements to suit the needs of your business.

Find out more about how our Product Support team can help you ensure your machine consistently operates at an optimum level.